Nigerian States and Their Years of Creation

map_of_Nigeria

Source: http://annamap.com/nigeria

Nigeria.

Nigeria is a country in West Africa with its coast in the south located on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. Nigeria borders Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the southeast, and Benin in the west.

Nigeria currently has 36 states as well as the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. But before 1967, there was no such thing as a state; what the country had were regions, namely — Northern Region, Eastern Region, Western Region and the Mid-Western Region.

It was in 1967 that General Yakubu Gowon created 12 states and General Murtala Mohammed in 1976 created 7 more, making it a total of 19 states. Then in 1987, General Ibrahim Babangida created 2 more. By then, the number of states in Nigeria had increased to 21, after which he (Babangida) created 9 more states in 1991 to make the total number of states in Nigeria thirty (30).

General Sani Abacha would later get into power in 1993 and create additional states three years later. He (Abacha) carved out 6 more states from the existing thirty in 1996 to make the number of states in the country 36.

That was how the 36 states came into being. There hasn’t been any more states since the last ones in 1996 even though there have been cries.

Now below are the 36 states, their capitals and their years of creation.

S/N State Capital Year of Creation
1. Abia Umuahia 27 August, 1991
2. Adamawa Yola 27 August, 1991
3. Akwa Ibom Uyo 23 September, 1987
4. Anambra Awka 27 August, 1991
5. Bauch Bauchi 3 February, 1976
6. Bayelsa Yenagoa 1 October, 1996
7. Benue Makurdi 3 February, 1976
8. Borno Maiduguri 3 February, 1976
9. Cross River Calabar 27 May, 1967
10. Delta Asaba 27 August, 1991
11. Ebonyi Abaliki 1 October, 1996
12. Edo Benin City 27 August, 1991
13. Ekiti Ado-Ekiti 1 October, 1996
14. Enugu Enugu 27 August, 1991
15. Gombe Gombe 1 October, 1996
16. Imo Owerri 3 February, 1976
17. Jigawa Dutse 27 August, 1991
18. Kaduna Kaduna 27 May, 1967
19. Kano Kano 27 May, 1967
20. Katsina Katsina 23 September, 1987
21. Kebbi Birnin Kebbi 27 August, 1991
22. Kogi Lokoja 27 August, 1991
23. Kwara Ilorin 27 May, 1967
24. Lagos Ikeja 27 May, 1967
25. Nasarawa Lafia 1 October, 1996
26. Niger Minna 3 February, 1976
27. Ogun Abeokuta 3 February, 1976
28. Ondo Akure 3 February, 1976
29. Osun Osogbo 27 August, 1991
30. Oyo Ibadan 3 February, 1976
31. Plateau Jos 3 February, 1976
32. Rivers Port-Harcourt 27 May, 1967
33. Sokoto Sokoto 3 February, 1976
34. Taraba Jalingo 27 August, 1991
35. Yobe Damaturu 27 August, 1991
36. Zamfara Gusau 1 October, 1996
FCT Federal Capital Territory Abuja 3 February, 1976

From the table, you could point out the states that were created in the same year.

Recap

  • Before 1967, there were no states, but regions — Northern, Eastern, Western and the Mid-Western regions.
  • General Yakubu Gowon created 12 states in 1967
  • General Murtala Mohammed 7 states in 1976
  • General Ibrahim Babangida created 2 states in 1987
  • General Ibrahim Babangida created 9 more states in 1991
  • Abuja is the Federal Capital

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