Nigeria is a country in West Africa with its coast in the south located on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. Nigeria borders Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the southeast, and Benin in the west.
Nigeria currently has 36 states as well as the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. But before 1967, there was no such thing as a state; what the country had were regions, namely — Northern Region, Eastern Region, Western Region and the Mid-Western Region.
It was in 1967 that General Yakubu Gowon created 12 states and General Murtala Mohammed in 1976 created 7 more, making it a total of 19 states. Then in 1987, General Ibrahim Babangida created 2 more. By then, the number of states in Nigeria had increased to 21, after which he (Babangida) created 9 more states in 1991 to make the total number of states in Nigeria thirty (30).
General Sani Abacha would later get into power in 1993 and create additional states three years later. He (Abacha) carved out 6 more states from the existing thirty in 1996 to make the number of states in the country 36.
That was how the 36 states came into being. There hasn’t been any more states since the last ones in 1996 even though there have been cries.
Now below are the 36 states, their capitals and their years of creation.
|S/N||State||Capital||Year of Creation|
|1.||Abia||Umuahia||27 August, 1991|
|2.||Adamawa||Yola||27 August, 1991|
|3.||Akwa Ibom||Uyo||23 September, 1987|
|4.||Anambra||Awka||27 August, 1991|
|5.||Bauch||Bauchi||3 February, 1976|
|6.||Bayelsa||Yenagoa||1 October, 1996|
|7.||Benue||Makurdi||3 February, 1976|
|8.||Borno||Maiduguri||3 February, 1976|
|9.||Cross River||Calabar||27 May, 1967|
|10.||Delta||Asaba||27 August, 1991|
|11.||Ebonyi||Abaliki||1 October, 1996|
|12.||Edo||Benin City||27 August, 1991|
|13.||Ekiti||Ado-Ekiti||1 October, 1996|
|14.||Enugu||Enugu||27 August, 1991|
|15.||Gombe||Gombe||1 October, 1996|
|16.||Imo||Owerri||3 February, 1976|
|17.||Jigawa||Dutse||27 August, 1991|
|18.||Kaduna||Kaduna||27 May, 1967|
|19.||Kano||Kano||27 May, 1967|
|20.||Katsina||Katsina||23 September, 1987|
|21.||Kebbi||Birnin Kebbi||27 August, 1991|
|22.||Kogi||Lokoja||27 August, 1991|
|23.||Kwara||Ilorin||27 May, 1967|
|24.||Lagos||Ikeja||27 May, 1967|
|25.||Nasarawa||Lafia||1 October, 1996|
|26.||Niger||Minna||3 February, 1976|
|27.||Ogun||Abeokuta||3 February, 1976|
|28.||Ondo||Akure||3 February, 1976|
|29.||Osun||Osogbo||27 August, 1991|
|30.||Oyo||Ibadan||3 February, 1976|
|31.||Plateau||Jos||3 February, 1976|
|32.||Rivers||Port-Harcourt||27 May, 1967|
|33.||Sokoto||Sokoto||3 February, 1976|
|34.||Taraba||Jalingo||27 August, 1991|
|35.||Yobe||Damaturu||27 August, 1991|
|36.||Zamfara||Gusau||1 October, 1996|
|FCT||Federal Capital Territory||Abuja||3 February, 1976|
From the table, you could point out the states that were created in the same year.
- Before 1967, there were no states, but regions — Northern, Eastern, Western and the Mid-Western regions.
- General Yakubu Gowon created 12 states in 1967
- General Murtala Mohammed 7 states in 1976
- General Ibrahim Babangida created 2 states in 1987
- General Ibrahim Babangida created 9 more states in 1991
- Abuja is the Federal Capital
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