North African Countries: List of Countries in North Africa

Map of Africa

North African Countries are countries on the north of the African Continent. It comprises of seven countries. This post lists countries in North Africa and talks about each of them, such as their year of independence, language and the predominant religions of each of them.


There are seven countries in North Africa, namely:

  1. Algeria
  2. Egypt
  3. Libya
  4. Morocco
  5. Sudan
  6. Tunisia
  7. Western Sahara

Below are some brief information about the countries in North Africa.


Official name: People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria

Capital: Algiers

Independence: July 3, 1962

Currency: Algerian Dinar

Major languages: Arabic, French, Berber

Major religion: Islam

Algeria is the tenth-largest country in the world, the world’s largest Arab country, and the largest in Africa. It is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia, to the east by Libya, to the west by Morocco.

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Officially name: Arab Republic of Egypt

Capital: Cairo

Revolution: July 23, 1952

Currency: Egyptian Pound

Language: Arabic

Major religion: Islam

Egypt is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. Bordered by the Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba to the east, the Red Sea to the east and south, Sudan to the south, and Libya to the west.


Officially name: State of Libya

Capital: Tripoli

Independence: December 24, 1951

Major language: Arabic

Major Religion: Islam

Libya is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad to the south, Niger to the southwest, Algeria to the west, and Tunisia to the northwest.


Official name: Kingdom of Morocco

Capital: Rabat

Independence: April 7, 1956

Currency: Moroccan Dirham

Major language: Arabic, Berber

Major religion: Islam

Morocco is a North African country characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.

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Official name: Republic of the Sudan

Capital: Khartoum

Independence: January 1, 1955

Currency: Sudanese Pound

Major language: Arabic, English

Major religion: Islam

Sudan is also a North African country, bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea to the east, Ethiopia to the southeast, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west, and Libya to the northwest.


Republic of Tunisia

Capital: Tunis

Independence: March 20, 1956

Currency: Tunisian Dinar

Major language: Arabic

Major religion: Islam

Tunisia is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa. Its northernmost point, Cape Angela, is the northernmost point on the African continent. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. 

Western Sahara

Western Sahara is a disputed territory on the northwest coast and in the Maghreb region of North and West Africa, partially controlled by the self-proclaimed Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic and partially occupied by neighboring Morocco.

Western Sahara, as stated on Wikipedia, is a disputed territory. Read about the country on Wikipedia.

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There are 7 countries in Northern Africa

The North African countries and their capitals are:

  • Algeria — Algiers
  • Egypt — Cairo
  • Libya — Tripoli
  • Morocco — Rabat
  • Sudan — Khartoum
  • Tunisia — Tunis
  • Western Sahara — Laayaoune

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